Respiratory diseases are the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in children worldwide. Furthermore, a chronic cough is one of the most common reasons for referral to paediatric respiratory services in Australia.
Despite this, many clinicians ignore the possible significance of a cough, and a high proportion of families have multiple consultations before they are referred to a specialist centre. In this way, chronic cough becomes a significant burden on the healthcare system, as well as impairing quality of life for children and their families. This is especially so for First Nations Australians, among whom there is a high incidence of respiratory diseases.